Topic outline

  • Delivery

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  • Outline

    OBJECTIVES

    • Introduce application of the HAZOP technique.

    • Explain why pipelines fail.
    • Discuss how safety is considered in pipeline design.
    • List selection of appropriate construction materials when considering corrosion control.
    • Introduce relevant types of corrosion and corrosion environmental factors versus design solutions.
    • Explain various corrosion control techniques.

    LEVEL

    Foundation

    PREREQUISITE

    N/A

    DURATION

    3 Days

    PRESENTER

    Jerry Mullins, Jozef Soltis and Pedro Guillen

    WHO SHOULD ATTEND
    Personnel new to the industry/topic, or those who want to refresh their knowledge in this specific area. Attendees are expected to be aware of basic engineering principals, pipeline operation and corrosion mechanisms.

    • Learning

      DAY ONE:
      HAZARD AND OPERABILITY

      Principles of HAZOP
      • History and overview of HAZOP
      • Terms and definitions
      • Use of HAZOP
      • Introduction to methodology


      HAZOP Team
      • Team members
      • Roles and responsibilities

      HAZOP Exercise 1
      • Using parameters
      • Guidewords

      Risk
      • Ranking risk
      • Risk matrices

      Safeguards
      • Considerations when conducting HAZOP

      Design Considerations
      • Principles
      • Examples

      HAZOP Exercise 2
      • Consequences
      • Risk ranking

      Comparing Various Techniques
      • Other assessment techniques
      • Advantages and disadvantages

      DAY TWO:
      PIPELINE DESIGN AND SAFETY

      Pipelines
      • History of Pipelines
      • High pressure pipelines and pipeline products
      • Rights of way, and working widths
      • Welding and testing pipelines
      • Standards


      Key Parameters
      • Fluid properties
      • Strength
      • Toughness
      • Weldability
      • Hardness
      • Fatigue

      Why Pipelines Fail and Safety Record
      • Pipeline threats
      • Causes of pipeline failure
      • Case studies

      How is Safety Considered?
      • Laws, regulations, standards
      • Substance classification
      • Location classification and proximity distances
      • Pressure containment, and external loads on pipelines
      • ‘Sizing’ a pipeline and wall thickness calculations
      • Design stresses and design factors

      DAY THREE:
      DESIGN FOR CORROSION CONTROL

      Understanding Corrosion
      • Designer’s role in controlling corrosion
      • Equipment service life factors


      Selection of Construction Materials
      • Laboratory and pilot testing
      • Test specimens
      • Corrosion rate determination
      • Corrosion rate classification

      Design Solution vs. Corrosion Type
      • Considering all relevant types of corrosion vs. design solutions scenarios
      • Considering all relevant corrosion environment factors vs. design solutions scenarios

      Corrosion Control Techniques
      • Quality control
      • Monitoring
      • Cathodic protection
      • Chemical treatments
      • Protective coatings