Definitions and Terms

Browse the glossary using this index

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | ALL



Qualifications must be 'portable': as staff move jobs, the qualifications they obtain need to be recognised by all companies. A problem with 'job' qualifications (e.g.,) is that they are often studied for, and awarded by companies. This means they are ‘self-certified’: the pipeline companies organise the training and assessment of staff. This leads to a problem with ‘portability’: staff move jobs often, and the qualification they bring with them into another company may not be recognised by the new company.

Qualifications need to be standardised, with common assessments, and a common certification process. This will give robust, credible qualifications, and complete portability.


The required knowledge or conditions that should be satisfied before being considered for a competency. A pre-requisite is a requirement that should be met before attempting a competency.


A specified group of modules leading to a qualification.